Fossil fuels, water and radioactive substances
The commercial sources of energy are Fossil fuels, water and radioactive substances.
Nuclear power plants
Operating cost is low and initial cost is high
The operating cost of hydroelectric power station is low
The dam and the turbine in a hydro station
A penstock is used as a conduit between The dam and the turbine in a hydro power plant.
High head hydro Power Plant
Relive water hammer pressures in the penstock pipe
The function of a surge tank is to Relive water hammer pressures in the penstock pipe.
in hydro power plant Water hammer occurs in Surge tank.
Control the pressure variations in the penstock pipes due to sudden load changes
In between the penstock and the runner
Increase the acting head on the water wheel
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